Gingivitis not only causes swelling but also can harm the teeth, bleeding gums, painful teeth or chewing sensitivity, bad breath… Some studies even show the link between severe gingivitis with heart disease. Researchers believe that this situation is caused by bacteria spreading in the mouths of people with gum disease affecting the health of the heart.
|Not brushing your teeth and using dental floss make this plaque stick hard to the tooth surface and become limestone, then stimulate the gums and cause inflammation.|
“Gingivitis is primarily caused by bacteria that proliferate due to poor oral hygiene,” said Eugene Ko, a professor of oral pathology and medicine at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry.
Your teeth accumulate a thin layer of plaque – where millions of bacteria accumulate. That’s why health professionals often recommend that you keep your mouth clean by brushing your teeth and using dental floss daily. “No brushing the teeth and flossing make this plaque hardened like limestone, then stimulate the gums and cause inflammation,” Professor Ko explained.
In addition to brushing the teeth and flossing, what can you do to reduce gingivitis? According to Professor Ko, the best way to prevent and remedy gingivitis is to break down the plaque before it is formed between the teeth or causes irritation. If you have kept your hygiene clean and still feel at risk, refer to the following 6 ways to prevent gingivitis.
1. Cut down on carbs
|People who cut down on refined carbs from their diet don’t get gingivitis.|
A small and odd study conducted in 2009 by the Microbiology Laboratory, Clinical Research Department, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, shows that people cutting refined carbs from their diet do not suffer from gingivitis even though they stopped brushing their teeth and flossed for 4 weeks.
The study authors found that the bacteria that caused gingivitis did not increase when the study participants did not eat refined carbs – although their teeth had accumulated plaque because they did not brush their teeth. This research is preliminary, but anyway you should consider one more reason to eat less sweets, white bread, soda and other refined carbs. However, don’t do that and skip toothbrushing and flossing.
2. Eat lots of fiber and omega-3
|People who eat a diet high in omega-3, fiber and vitamin C and D lose 50% of gingivitis risk.|
In a diet-focused study published in BMC Oral Health, researchers found that people who ate a diet rich in omega-3s, fiber and vitamins C and D decreased by 50% gingivitis risk.
Again, the study authors say that a beneficial change in oral bacteria may explain the strength against gum disease. According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), all the fruits, especially citrus, are the main source of both fiber and vitamin C. Meanwhile, salmon is a great source of food for both Vitamin D and omega-3. You can add these foods to your daily diet.
3. Rinse your mouth with coconut oil
|Coconut oil acts as a liquid detergent, cleaning plaque and bacteria.|
A small study by Kannur Dental University in India in 2015 showed that gargling with coconut oil actually reduced the patient’s gingivitis symptoms. The authors of the study hypothesized that coconut oil acts as a liquid detergent, cleaning plaque and bacteria. Many other studies have also found oils – including sunflower oil – that have similar effects.
4. Chewing gum
|Chewing gum is an effective method against dry mouth and can also help reduce gingivitis.|
Saliva is your dental cleaning solution. But for those who suffer from dry mouth, the amount of saliva they release may not be enough to eliminate the oral bacteria. Even for those who brush their teeth cleanly, dry mouth can still lead to the spread of bacteria and gingivitis.
By stimulating saliva production and excretion, chewing gum is an effective method to combat dry mouth and can also help reduce the risk of gingivitis or make the disease worse. Another study by Osaka University, Japan showed that chewing gum containing real eucalyptus may be a stronger anti-inflammatory drug.
5. Eat more yogurt
|Calcium-rich dairy products can help fight against gingivitis and mouth protection|
According to a 2012 study of Nutrients, calcium-rich dairy products – especially fermented dairy foods like yogurt – can help fight against gingivitis and protect your mouth from gum disease.
The group of Danish researchers hypothesized that probiotic bacteria in calcium-rich foods can prevent the growth of microorganisms that cause gingivitis very well.
6. Drink green tea
|Drinking green tea can alleviate or prevent the spread of gingivitis.|
Drinking green tea can alleviate or prevent the spread of gingivitis. That’s the result of a 2009 study in Periodontology Journal. The authors of the study say that a particular type of antioxidant in green tea – called catechins – can prevent the spread of bacteria that cause gingivitis, and can also reduce inflammation.